In response to the 2014 No.1 Research Program of Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, a Deliberative Poll was held at Puxing Sub-district in Pudong New District, Shanghai on May 31st, 2015. Advised by the Center for Comparative Urban Governance (CCUG) at Fudan University, the Deliberative Poll invited ordinary citizens to participate in selecting projects that receive “Neighborhood Committee Self-governance Fund”.
James S. Fishkin, Baogang He, Robert C. Luskin and Alice Siu British Journal of Political Science PDF
After deliberation, 96% of the participants supported efforts to improve transportation, 82% supported provision of parking space in the surrounding areas, and 81% were in favor of constructing cycling routes. PDF
Photo: Paweł Czerwiński/Unsplash
Participants from the Polish city of Poznań deliberated on the possible uses of a stadium at the conclusion of Euro 2012. They considered pros and cons of four scenarios for the future of the stadium. This is the first time Deliberative Polling® has been used in Poland.
The dataset was given to us by the Zeguo Township Government. PDF
The Deliberative Polling® project in Zeguo township, Wenling City, allowed a scientific sample of ordinary citizens of China to deliberate about which infrastructure projects would be funded in the coming year.
The local government needed deliberative and consultative meetings to reduce conflicts of interest, reduce any perception of corruption, and provide a channel for citizens and interest groups to express their concerns about municipal construction projects.
The Deliberative Poll in Zeguo Township, Wenling City, China, is the first to our knowledge that was conducted by the government itself and then actually implemented as a way of making public policy. We believe it is the first case in modern times of fully representative and deliberative participatory budgeting. It harks back to a form of democracy quite different from modern western style party competition – Ancient Athens.