A history rooted within ethnocentric social paradigms has created a social divide among the Australian population, between the Indigenous and Non-Indigenous communities. This divide has amplified unfavorable attitudes and negative stereotypes towards Aboriginal people. The inability for Indigenous and Non-Indigenous communities of Australia to reach a common ground has lead to continual disruptions hindering the establishment of salient public policies for Australian Reconciliation.
All around the globe, democracies have been deciding more and more policy and constitutional issues by referendum. Referenda present voters with more complex, less easily navigable decisions than elections for office. The relative merits of referendum versus representative democracy depends partly on the degree to which referendum voters can be expected to vote sensibly—in keeping with their own values and interests.